Built in the middle of the fifteenth century in the rocky promontory that connects the mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu on the eastern slope of the Central Cordillera, southern Peru and 2490 m (altitude of the main square). Its original name was Picchu or Picho would.
According to documents from the mid-sixteenth century, Machu Picchu would have been one of the vacation homes of Pachacutec (Tahuantinsuyo first Inca, 1438-1470). However, some of its finest buildings and clear the main ceremonial gateway to the llaqta demonstrate that this was used as a religious shrine. Both uses, the palace and the temple, it would have been inconsistent. Some experts seem to have ruled, however, a military course, so popular epithets of “fortress” or “citadel” could have been overcome.
Machu Picchu is considered both a masterpiece of architecture and ingeniería.5 Their peculiar architectural and landscape features, and the veil of mystery that has woven around much of the literature published on the site, they have become one of the most popular tourist destinations on the planet.

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